Hardening is activities related to the mobilization of the internal forces of a person to increase the body’s resistance (immunity) to the harmful effects of various external factors. The greatest effect for hardening the body is achieved when using a variety of hardening procedures. Dario Bogni believes that it is important to start hardening from early childhood, when thermoregulation is at the stage of formation, and mechanisms of immunobiological protection are developing. It is important to start hardening, after consulting a doctor to choose the most optimal hardening methods, taking into account certain characteristics of the body, as well as to continue medical supervision to identify possible adverse effects. For the full hardening of the body, it is necessary to use the procedures in a complex, observing the principles of gradualness, systematicity and taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism. If the body is not trained for cooling or sudden changes in temperature, then its reaction to cold is in the nature of an unconditioned reflex. In this case, a disorder of thermoregulation occurs and, as a result, chills appear, a decrease in the immunity of internal organs, and the risk of diseases. The reaction of a hardened organism to temperature changes is completely different, because it has a conditioned reflex nature: the production of heat increases due to the contraction of the vessels of the skin and the blood flow to all organs increases, the metabolism increases, Bogni Dario reports. Hardening has a pronounced seasonal character. In the spring-summer period, the hardening of the body occurs spontaneously, due to the lightening of clothing and swimming in open water bodies. At the same time, it is necessary to use hardening procedures as often and for a long time as possible for training and increasing resistance to temperature changes and its decrease in the autumn-winter period. But in the cold season, air hardening methods are used, staying in the air, as well as more complex ones: swimming in an ice hole (winter swimming), a Russian steam room, followed by immersion in the snow. Hardening is carried out according to the principle of gradual intensification of the stimulus. Therefore, for example, it is categorically impossible to start contrast procedures right away, warns Dario Bogni. Healers recommend carrying out contrast showers, pouring alternately warm and cold water, combining a Russian steam room with a pool or snow, depending on the season, only in the second year of systematic hardening procedures. Hardening should not be carried out for patients until complete recovery, as well as those suffering from chronic kidney disease. Easily excitable people need soothing procedures, air baths, rubdown. Sun-air baths are excluded. For people with a predominance of inhibition processes, dousing and contrast procedures are recommended, and for sluggish ones – dousing immediately after sleep; calm and balanced – after morning exercises.
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